Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the aster or sunflower family Asteraceae. It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Lettuce was first cultivated by the ancient Egyptians who turned it from a weed into a plant grown for its leaves.
Romaine or Cos lettuce is a variety of Greek Lettuce, which grows in tall head of sturdy leaves with a firm rib down the center. Unlike most lettuces, it is tolerant of heat. It is a cultivar of the common lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and is distinguished by an elongated head - dark green, long, narrow, crisp, stiff leaves and a coarse texture, with a distinctive rib almost at the tip of the leaf.
Baby Romaine is a variety of Greek Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. longifolia). Similar to the Romaine lettuce, it is distinguished by dark green, long, narrow, crisp, stiff leaves and a coarse texture, with a distinctive rib almost to the tip of the leaf. Baby Romaines are known for growing to a height of approximately 7.8 inches or 20.0 cm.
Australian Mesclun Salads
Mesclun is a salad mix of assorted small, young salad leaves, which originated in Provence, France. The traditional mix includes chervil, arugula, leafy lettuces and endive in equal proportions, but in modern iterations may include an undetermined mix of fresh and available lettuces, spinach, arugula (rocket, or roquette), Swiss chard (silver beet), mustard greens (Dijon's Child), endive, dandelion, frisée, mizuna, mâche (lamb's lettuce), radicchio, sorrel, and/or other leaf vegetables.
Red & Green Coral
Red and green leaf lettuces are essentially the same from nutritional perspectives and relationships. Both types are from daisy family, Asteraceae both belong to genus and species L. sativa. The Red leaf lettuce is a form of loose-leaf lettuce comparable to green leaf lettuce. Additionally, this type of lettuce is an excellent source of beta-carotene, which may help reducing risk of developing cataracts.
Red Chicory also known as raddicchio is perennial. It is grown as a leaf vegetable which usually has white-veined red leaves. It has bitter and spicy taste which mellows when grilled or roasted. Most important nutritional values: rich in antioxidants, vitamins, cellulose and other elements; it can also help clear toxin liver and gall.
Frisee is a member of endive/chicory family with finely curled leaves and slight bitter flavor. It is popular in France and one of the most elegant components in salad vegetables. As the plant reaches to its full size, the outer leaves are gathered up and tightly bound with an elastic band isolating sunlight to its newly forming inner leaves. This process will make frisee more tender and gives singular two-tone appearance. Frisee is best served raw with sour dressing to counterbalance the bitterness.
The Belgian endive (Cichorium intybus) or witloof is a popular winter season vegetable in Europe and a different species from curly endive and escarole. It is a type of vegetable with smooth cream-colored leaves compressed into a compact 10 to 12 cm long heads. It is somewhat unique because it is not grown from seed or seedlings directly in the soil. Instead, it is cultivated by forcing the second growth offshoot from the cut roots of chicory plants.
The Baby Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an edible flowering plant from the family of Amaranthaceae. It is native to central and southwestern Asia. As compared to mature spinach plants, this spinach is harvested at early stage during the tenure of plant growth, usually between 15-35 days after planting. Its main distinction is its small leaves, tender texture and sweeter taste than mature and fully formed spinach leaves.